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Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Sholicola

Sholicola major (Jerdon, 1841) – Nilgiri Sholakili

Taxonomic Notes:

This has in the past been known as the White-bellied Blue Robin (S. albiventris) and Rufous-bellied Shortwing/Nilgiri Shortwing/Nilgiri Blue Robin (S. major) that occur south and north of the Palghat Gap, respectively. A new genus, Sholicola, has also been recently proposed to circumscribe major, albiventris and ashambuensis (in Ashambu Hills of southern Kerala) as three distinct species (Robin et al. 2017).

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This altitudinal migrant species is rare and endemic. It is sedentary and it inhabits the shola forests of the Western ghats of India (mainly reported from Nilgiri hills in Tamil Nadu, the south Wayanad hills in Kerala, and in Baba Budan hills in south-west Karnataka), at heights ranging from 1,000m to 1,500m asl. Its breeding season occurs during April and May.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, its current population size is unknown. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to agriculture, urbanization, dam building, and other human encroachments like logging and plant gathering.


Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Sholicola

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. 2023. Sholicola major (Jerdon, 1841) – Nilgiri Sholakili. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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