Advance search

Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Tragopan

Tragopan melanocephalus (J.E. Gray, 1829) – Western Tragopan

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Western Horned Pheasant.

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
This endemic species is uncommon. It inhabits the coniferous and deciduous forests of the Western Himalaya (mainly in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand of India), from the height of 1,750m to 3,600m asl. It is an altitudinal migrant that inhabits the reserved forests during April-June for breeding and moves to the grassy gullies for wintering (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approximately 3,300 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Illegal hunting for meat and feathers is also a major threat to this species (BirdLife International 2001).

BirdLife International 2017. Tragopan melanocephalus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22679147A112467383. Accessed on 31 January 2020.

Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Tragopan

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Tragopan melanocephalus (J.E. Gray, 1829) – Western Tragopan. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
Share on facebook email page Share by email