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Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba

Columba punicea Blyth, 1842 – Pale-capped Pigeon

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Purple Wood Pigeon.


Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This rare species is also known as Purple or Pale-capped Woodpigeon. It inhabits forests and shrublands of Cambodia, India (Assam valley, south Assam hills and NE Ghats), Myanmar, and Malaysia, from the sea level up to 1,600m. It has possibly undergone extirpation from China (BirdLife International 2017). 

Conservation Status:


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with a current population size estimated at 2,500-9,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Another major threat to its persistence comes from excessive hunting for sport (BirdLife International 2001).

BirdLife International 2017. Columba punicea (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22690191A110100779. Accessed on 03 February 2020.

Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. and A. Bayani. 2023. Columba punicea Blyth, 1842 – Pale-capped Pigeon. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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