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Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Streptopelia

Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) – European Turtle Dove

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Turtle Dove.

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is uncommon. It inhabits forests and shrublands of semi-arid areas. It is migratory, breeding in central Europe (mainly in Croatia, Netherlands, Poland, and Hungary), Middle East Asia (mainly in Kuwait and Qatar) and Northern regions of Africa (Egypt) at low altitudes (below 500m asl), wintering in South-east Asia (India), Southern Europe and Africa (up to 1300m asl) (BirdLife International 2019).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the population estimated 12.8 million- 47.6 million individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Adult survival is also low due to hunting along the migratory route and on wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2015).

BirdLife International 2019. Streptopelia turtur . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T22690419A154373407. Accessed on 03 February 2020.

Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Streptopelia

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. and A. Bayani. 2023. Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) – European Turtle Dove. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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