This species is uncommon. It inhabits remote lowland forests and shrublands in India, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands, at 700m asl. It breeds in dense colonies. It depends on the forest vegetation for foraging (BirdLife International 2016).
According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining and its current population size is unknown. The threat to its persistence comes from hunting for food and gastroliths. Another threat to this species is habitat disturbance due to deforestation for agriculture.
Cite this page along with its URL as: Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nicobar Pigeon. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/790/Caloenas-nicobarica
Biodiversity Atlas - India is a species-based bioinformatics platform that is voluntarily supported by numerous organisations such as the National Centre for Biological Sciences,
Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Diversity India, and Titli Trust. The platform is designed for aggregating, displaying and analysing biodiversity data from tropical developing countries and other biodiversity hotspots such as India. It is a distributed platform of stand-alone, taxon-specific, natural history websites that give ownership and recognition to contributing naturalists. It is used extensively for research as well as educational and outreach activities by professional and citizen scientists. The 'BioAtlasIndia' website family currently has the following members: