This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and open forests. It is migratory, breeding colonially in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Thailand. It has undergone extinction in the Philippines and Bangladesh (BirdLife International 2017).
According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 8,700-12,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding habitat disturbance due to agriculture and other human encroachments. Another threat to its persistence is hunting and egg collection (BirdLife International 2017).
Cite this page along with its URL as: Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Pelecanus philippensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789 – Spot-billed Pelican. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/906/Pelecanus-philippensis
Biodiversity Atlas - India is a species-based bioinformatics platform that is voluntarily supported by numerous organisations such as the National Centre for Biological Sciences,
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