This uncommon species is also known as the Snake-bird. It inhabits inland wetlands of forests in India (mainly in Assam and Kerala), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Vietnam. It has undergone extinction in Thailand (BirdLife International 2016).
According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approx. 22,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding and foraging habitat disturbance due to human encroachments that include hunting and pollution (BirdLife International 2016).
Cite this page along with its URL as: Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Anhinga melanogaster Pennant, 1769 – Oriental Darter. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/942/Anhinga-melanogaster
Biodiversity Atlas - India is a species-based bioinformatics platform that is voluntarily supported by numerous organisations such as the National Centre for Biological Sciences,
Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Diversity India, and Titli Trust. The platform is designed for aggregating, displaying and analysing biodiversity data from tropical developing countries and other biodiversity hotspots such as India. It is a distributed platform of stand-alone, taxon-specific, natural history websites that give ownership and recognition to contributing naturalists. It is used extensively for research as well as educational and outreach activities by professional and citizen scientists. The 'BioAtlasIndia' website family currently has the following members: